1. Build an open-access benchmark repository of the two remote sensing supersites; Hekla and Öræfajökull. Having a benchmark repository in Iceland is necessary for EMMIRS to test the proficiency of the developed mapping techniques. Furthermore, it ensures that new analysis techniques that are being developed internationally in the coming years will be tested with respect to Icelandic conditions.

  2. Develop and implement methods for automation of geological and ecological mapping tuned to Icelandic nature.

  3. Develop and implement methods for automated change detection allowing monitoring of geological and ecological changes in Iceland.

  4. Investigate the complex landscape dynamics between geological and ecological processes. This is done through cross-correlation of mapping results and implementation of cutting-edge modelling techniques that simulate geological and ecological processes in order to extrapolate the landscape evolution.